Copyright © 2004 Qasim Zaidi
This document was created
System SpecificationIntel Centrino Mobile Processor 735 (1.7 Ghz)
14” WXGA Screen
Bluetooth, Intel 2200 Pro Wireless Lan
5 in 1 Card Reader
USB, Realtek 100Mbps NIC, Smartink 56kbps Softmodem
S-Video Out, IE1394
60 GB, 512 MB RAM, 2MB L2 Cache
This laptop of the Pressario V2000 Family, came with 256 MB RAM,which I upgraded to 512 MB.It came preinstalled with MS Windows XP Home, with a single NTFS partition spanning the entire disk.
Linux Distributions tried on this LaptopI first tried to install Mandrake 10.1 Community Edition on this Laptop. Installation went smoothly, and it successfully resized the NTFS partition , using ntfsresize. However, the system won't boot. It hanged in one of the startup script, so I booted into Single User mode and commented the firstboot script. This didn't helped either,as it again stopped in one of the runlevel 5 scripts. I was short of patience, so I decided to give Ubuntu a try.
I had no great hopes from Ubuntu, having read some of the reviews of how difficult its Laptop installation was. True to my premonition,the installation itself hanged quite early enough.
My thoughts finally turned to SuSe 9.2. On my desktops I run FC2,FC3 , FreeBSD & Solaris. However, I didn't wanted to run Fedora on the Laptop, and I wanted all of the hardware to be working.
SimplyMepis is a single CD , KDE only live distribution, based on Debian. Installation is point and click, and its optimised for 586 &686 systems. Even non-free software such as Real Player are preinstalled, and multimedia support is excellent. Since I never intended to use my desktop for anything else (Desktops are much better for coding, my primary job function), I found this very impressive.
Almost everything worked out of the box. That excludes the soft modem. Wireless didn't worked initially and I am yet to test bluetooth, since I don't have any blue tooth devices.
Intel Pro 2200 Wireless adapterSimplyMepis didn't came with ipw2200 support installed, though it did had modules for an older model (Intel Pro 2100 Wireless card). I
downloaded the latest drivers & firmware from ipw2200.sf.net.
Also had to download and install sources for kernel 2.6.7 (and later 2.6.11) as they are required to compile the driver.
After compiling the module, and making install, you will have to copy the firmware manually (and you have to download it too!, from the same location).
For compiling the modules, if you are getting a lot of errors, just go to /usr/src/linux and do make (after copying the correct config file from /boot to /usr/src/linux/.config) . You can press Ctrl-C and cancel build just after first few lines. Then go to ipw2200 extraction dir and recompile.
Since this file is processed much before the networking subsystem comes up, thewireless device will be named eth0, and the other NIC card becomes eth1.
Next, you need to automate this process, so that wireless is up if
the keyboard switch is on. This requires you to edit the
/etc/network/interfaces file. Here is mine
iface lo inet loopback
iface eth0 inet
I keep switching between Gnome and KDE. Since last few months, I
am running Gnome, in spite of being a KDE Fan, traditionally. To a
large extent, Gnome improvements and its cross platform nature (Its
also available on Solaris and Free BSD) are responsible for this.
All you need to do is
# apt-get install gnome-desktop-environment
However, when logging into GNOME, an ugly error message props
Error activating XKB configuration ...
Everything else worked fine. After a considerable googling around
( as this seems to be a common catchall XKB error), the fix was
really simple. Going to Applications -> Desktop Preferences ->
Keyboard and changing the layout from deflayout to US English fixed
While the touchpad worked by default in Mepis, the on/off switch
won't work making it difficult to type anything, as the mouse cursor
will be moved. This is fixed simply by removing the mouseproto option
thats passed at boot to kernel in default mepis configuration. The
drawback is, scrolling doesn't works after this.
which can be installed and used
to configure the keyboard.
I found it easier to work with tapping disabled.
for some excellent distribution-independent keyboard information.
If you use GNOME, you need to set up the correct keyboard layout,
from either Applications->Desktop Preferences->Keyboard, or by
manually editing the /etc/X11/XF86Config-4 file.
Once you have restarted your X server with the correct keyboard
configuration, all that remains is setting the keyboard shortcuts,
from Applications->Desktop Preferences->Keyboard Shortcuts.
Arabic (Under construction)
apt-get install katoob
apt-get install ttf-arabeyes ttf-kacst